Sexual offenses are committed by a sex offender, and are often referred to as a sexual abuse. Sexual crimes vary by jurisdiction, but for the most part the laws relating to sexual offenses are divided up into categories such as assault, trafficking, pornography, rape, and abuse. Generally speaking, many sex offenders have other convictions on their record for sex crimes.
In some instances, depending on the nature of the sexual offense committed, the offender is given a mandatory sex offender classification. Those offenses are usually a second conviction for prostitution, receiving or sending obscene content by text (sexting) and sexual contact with a child. In the U.S. and other countries, a convicted sex offender is usually required to register in his or her jurisdiction’s sex offender registry. In the U.S., these registries are accessible by the public.
Within the sex offender registry, there are various levels of offenders. For instance, low level offenders may only need to stay registered for a short time, whereas high level sex offenders (those that are repeat offenders etc.) will need to register for life.
Other sexual offenses that are considered to be extremely serious in nature are child sexual abuse, statutory rape, assault, rape, sexual imposition and something that is referred to as pandering obscenity. Charges for pandering may involve possession of an obscene book to possessing child pornography on a computer.